Thursday, 15 October 2020

The mango


Mango is a stone fruit produced by a number of tropical tree species belonging to the flowering plant Mangifera. Many of these species are found as wild mangoes in nature. This genus belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. Mango is endemic to South Asia, where the “common mango” or “Indian mango”, Mangifera indica, is distributed throughout the world and becomes one of the most widely grown fruits in the tropics. Other Mangifera species (e.g. horse mango, Mangifera foitida) are grown on a more localized basis.

mango tree

There are hundreds of mango plantations around the world. Depending on the crop, mangoes can vary in size, shape, sweetness, skin color, and flesh color, which can be pale yellow, golden or orange. Mango is the national fruit of India, Haiti, and the Philippines and is the national tree. In Bangladesh. It is the summer national fruit of Pakistan.


The English word mango (plural "mangoes" or "mangos") originated from the Portuguese word, manga, from the Malayan (Austronesian) word, mangga, and from the Dravidian languages (Tamil) word, mankay, where man represents the "mango tree" and kay represents the "fruit." The name, mango, developed during the spice trade with South India in the 15th and 16th centuries

mango tree flower


Mango trees grow to a height of 35-40 m (115-131 ft) and a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). Trees live longer because some specimens bear fruit after 300 years. In deep soil, the taproot sinks to a depth of 6 m (20 ft), and the widespread spreading nutrient roots and anchor roots penetrate deep into the soil. Leaves evergreen, alternate, simple, 15-35 (5.9) –13.8 cm long, 6-16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) wide; The leaves are orange-pink when young, rapidly changing to dark, shiny red and turning dark green when mature. Flowers in terminal panels 10-40 cm (3.9–15.7 in) long; Each flower is small and white, with five petals 5-10 mm long. (0.20–0.39 inches) long, with a mild, sweet scent. There are over 500 varieties of mangoes known, most of which are likely to ripen in summer and some give a dual crop. Fruits take four to five months to ripen from flowering.

Ripe fruits vary in size, shape, color, sweetness and food quality depending on the crop. Depending on the crop, the fruits are different yellow, orange, red or green. The fruit has a single flat, elongated pit that can be fibrous or hairy on the surface and not easily separated from the pulp. Fruits can be slightly rounded, oval or kidney-shaped, 5–25 cm (2–10 in) long and weigh up to 140 g (5 ounces) to 2 kg (5 lb). The skin is waxy, smooth and fragrant, and ranges in color from green to yellow, yellow-orange, yellow-red, or fully ripe, red, purple, pink, or yellow.

Ripe mangoes give off a unique gummy, sweet aroma. 1-2 mm inside the pit. Mangoes have antiseptic seeds that survive freezing and drying. Mango trees grow easily from seeds and germination is successful when seeds are obtained from mature fruits


Mango has been cultivated in South Asia for thousands of years. Reached Southeast Asia between the fifth and fourth centuries. AD By the 10th century, cultivation had begun in East Africa. Ibn Battuta, a 14th-century traveler from Morocco, recorded it in Mogadishu. Cultivation later came to Brazil, Bermuda, the West Indies and Mexico, where a favorable climate allowed it to grow.

Mango is now grown in many snow-free tropical and subtropical climates. About half of the world's mangoes are grown in India alone, and the second largest source is China. Mango is grown in Spa Spain and Andalusia (mainly in the province of Malaga). Its coastal subtropical climate is one of the few places in Europe where tropical plants and fruit trees are allowed to grow. The Canary Islands is another prominent Spanish spa producer. Other growers are the United States, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Hawaii, South, West and Central Africa, Australia, China, South Korea, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. Although India is the largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than 1% of the international mango trade. India consumes most of its own products.

mango tree

Most commercial crops are transplanted to the cold hard apple root of the Gomera-1 mango plantation. Its root system adapts well to the coastal Mediterranean climate. "Turpentine Mango" (Due to the strong flavor of turpentine) 1,000+ mango cultivars can be easily grown using bullocks up to Bullock's heart. Dwarf or semi-dwarf varieties serve as ornamental plants and can be grown in containers. Can.

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